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Fact-checking the debate: Trump and Clinton both deny their own wordsAssociated Press27 September 2016Donald Trump’s habit of peddling hype and fabrication emerged unabated in the first presidential debate while Hillary Clinton played it cautiously in her statements, though not without error.They both denied making statements that they are on the record as saying.A look at some of the claims in the debate and how they compare with the facts:TRUMP: Denied Clinton accusation that he supported the Iraq war: “Wrong. Wrong.” Later: “That is a mainstream media nonsense put out by her. I was against the war in Iraq.”THE FACTS: There is no evidence Trump expressed public opposition to the war before the US invaded, despite his repeated insistence that he did. Rather, he offered lukewarm support. He only began to voice doubts about the conflict well after it began in March 2003.His first known public comment on the topic came on September 11, 2002, when he was asked whether he supported a potential Iraq invasion in an interview with radio host Howard Stern. “Yeah, I guess so,” Trump responded.On March 21, 2003, just days after the invasion began, Trump said it “looks like a tremendous success from a military standpoint.”Later that year he began voicing doubts.CLINTON: Denied Trump’s accusation that she called the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal the “gold standard” of trade agreements: “I did say I hoped it would be a good deal.”THE FACTS: Trump is correct. As secretary of state, Clinton called the deal that was taking shape the “gold standard” of trade agreements during in a 2012 trip to Australia, and championed the agreement in other venues around the world. She did not merely express the hope it would turn out well.Clinton flip-flopped into opposing the trade deal in the Democratic primary when facing Bernie Sanders, who was strongly opposed to it.TRUMP: When Clinton accused him of calling climate change a hoax invented by the Chinese: “I did not say that.”THE FACTS: Yes he did, in the form of a 2012 tweet: “The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make US manufacturing non-competitive.” He later claimed he was kidding, but he’s also repeated the claim that climate change is a hoax, and one that benefits China.He tweeted in January 2014: “Snowing in Texas and Louisiana, record setting freezing temperatures throughout the country and beyond. Global warming is an expensive hoax!”TRUMP: “I’ve been under audit for almost 15 years.”THE FACTS: Trump has never provided evidence to the public that he is actually under audit. A letter released by his tax attorneys never used the word, merely describing his tax returns under continuous review. “Review” is not a formal term for any kind of action by the Internal Revenue Service.Trump has declined to provide the IRS’ formal notice of audit to any news outlets. And former IRS officials have expressed scepticism that anyone would be audited so frequently. Trump cites an audit as the reason he won’t release his tax returns.CLINTON: As part of a list of economy-building moves, she says she called for “making college debt free so more young people can get their education.”THE FACTS: Clinton has proposed making college tuition free for in-state students who go to a public college or university. But tuition free doesn’t equate to debt free.Under her plan, the government would pay for in-state tuition at public colleges and universities for students from families earning less than US$125,000 a year. That would leave students still bearing the cost of room and board, which makes up more than half of the average US$18,943 sticker price at a four-year public university, according to the College Board.
TRUMP to Clinton: “You’ve been fighting ISIS your entire adult life.”THE FACTS: Hillary Clinton was born in 1947 and is 68 years old. She reached adulthood in 1965. The Islamic State group grew out of an al-Qaeda spinoff, al-Qaeda in Iraq in 2013, the year Clinton left the State Department.TRUMP: “My father gave me a small loan in 1975.”THE FACTS: Trump got a whole lot more than a small loan. Aside from US$1 million in financing from his father, Trump received loan guarantees, bailouts and a drawdown from his future inheritance. Tim O’Brien noted in a 2005 book that Trump not only drew an additional US$10 million from his future inheritance during hard times, but also inherited a share of his father’s real estate holdings, which were worth hundreds of millions when they were eventually sold off.TRUMP: “The Fed, by keeping interest rates at this level, the Fed is doing political things. ... The Fed is being more political than Secretary Clinton.”THE FACTS: This is a recurrent claim by Trump with no evidence to back it up. It’s the Federal Reserve’s job to help improve the economy and to the extent that happens, political leaders and their party may benefit. But presidents can’t make the Fed, an independent agency, do anything.TRUMP: Said a 1970s racial discrimination case against his real estate business was settled “with no admission of guilt” and that the case was “brought against many real estate developers.”THE FACTS: The first claim is technically correct; the second is false.Trump and his father fiercely fought a 1973 discrimination lawsuit brought by the Justice Department for their alleged refusal to rent apartments in predominantly white buildings to black tenants. Testimony showed that the applications filed by black apartment seekers were marked with a “C’’ for “coloured.” A settlement that ended the lawsuit did not require the Trumps to acknowledge that discrimination had occurred. The government’s description of the settlement said Trump and his father had “failed and neglected“ to comply with the Fair Housing Act.Trump was wrong to say the suit was brought against many real estate developers — it was specific to buildings rented by his father and him.
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